Safe Plants for Rabbits

Disclaimer: This list is provided for informational purposes only. To the best of my knowledge, all the plants listed here are safe for rabbits when fed in moderation as directed; however, neither I nor Frühlingskabine Micro-Farm will be responsible in any way for any ill effects that may occur from using these plants. Please use botanical names for identification purposes; common names vary from place to place and are not a reliable tool for identifying plants.

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Common Name Latin Name Uses and Restrictions

alfalfa Medicago sativa Above ground parts.
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Leaves, twigs, bark.
apple Malus domestica Leaves, branches, fruit. Seeds are toxic.

basil Ocimum basilicum Above ground parts.
blackberry Rubus spp. Above ground parts.
borage Borago officinalis Above ground parts.

carrot Daucus carota sativus All parts, except seeds.
cat-tail Typha latifolia All parts of the plant are safe.
chickweed Stellaria media Above ground parts.
chicory, wild Cichorium intybus All parts.
cilantro Coriandrum sativum Leaves, stems.
clover, red Trifolium pratense Above ground parts.
clover, white Trifolium repens Above ground parts.
comfrey, common Symphytum officinale Leaves. Best dried.

dandelion Taraxacum officinale All parts.

grape Vitus spp. Leaves and vines.

hackberry Celtis occidentalis Leaves, twigs.

jewelweed Impatiens capensis Leaves, stems.

kudzu Pueraria lobata Above ground parts.

lambs-quarters Chenopodium album Above ground parts.
lemon balm Melissa officinalis Above ground parts.

mallow Malva spp. All parts.
maple, silver Acer saccharinum Leaves and branches.
maple, sugar Acer saccharum Leaves and branches.
mesquite Prosopis juliflora Leaves and twigs.
mint Mentha spp. Above ground parts. Not to pregnant/nursing does.
mulberry, white Morus alba Leaves, twigs, small branches.

nettle, stinging Urtica dioica Above ground parts. Must be dried.

parsley Petroselinum crispum Above ground parts.
pear Pyrus communis Leaves, branches, fruit. Seeds may be toxic.
pigweed Amaranthus albus Leaves, stems.
plantain Plantago spp. Above ground parts.
purslane Portulaca oleracea Above ground parts.

Queen Anne’s Lace Daucus carota All parts, except seeds.

radish Raphanus sativus All parts.
raspberry Rubus idaeus Above ground parts.
redroot pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Above ground parts.
rose Rosa spp. Above ground parts.

shepherd’s purse Capsella bursta-pastoris Above ground parts.
sow thistle, annual Sonchus oleraceus Above ground parts.
sow thistle, perennial Sonchus arvensis Above ground parts.
sow thistle, spiny annual Sonchus asper Above ground parts.
squash Curcurbita spp. Young leaves and stems, fruit, seeds.
strawberry Fragaria spp. Above ground parts.
sweet potato Ipomoea batatas Tubers and vines. Rich and fattening.
sunflower Helianthus annuus Above ground parts.

willow Salix spp. Leaves and branches.
wing stem Verbesina alternifolia Leaves, flowers, stems.

yarrow Achillea millefolium Leaves, stems. Not to pregnant/nursing does.

11 thoughts on “Safe Plants for Rabbits

  1. SUCH a handy list, thank you. I keep my bunnies’ diets really simple because all the warnings in my rabbit books scared me off of too much diversity, but this will help me give them a few more treats. It would be great as a printable!

  2. This is wonderful, we have a super finicky rabbit that is very picky about what he will accept. this will give me some more options. I do not see fennel on here. Is it a bad thing for them? He loves it as do the wild bunnies…sigh…

  3. Thank you for this list. It’s easy to find lists of what veggies that can be given to rabbit, but not what “weeds” they can eat. I have a bunch of sow thistles out in the yard so I think that will be the next plant my little buggers get to try. If you happen to find more weeds that they can eat, that would make an awesome list in itself.

  4. My bunnies enjoy jerusalem artichokes and eat a lot of them. I feed them a few nasturtiums sometimes. My mama bunny loves raw cashews more than anything and I give them to her as a treat. They eat beet greens and kale, which dry nicely. They like dried apples and will eat an orange slice and a tomato although the tomato makes their poop soft.

    • I was watching some YouTube video someone here recommended and the English woman called Jerusalem artichokes, “fartichokes”. I thought that was so funny… now I think of that every time.
      Our rabbits get lots of beet greens too along with carrot tops and turnip greens. The tomato may upset their digestion because they are in the nightshade family.

  5. Nice list. I routinely use most of these plants for my rabbit’s diet. I have made her used to a variety of green foods from a young age, so I have no problems. Aprox 50% of the diet is fresh plants and vegetables, and the other is dry hay, pellets and treats like fruits are a small portion.
    I have to add hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacus) leaves and flowers here, as well as black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) leaflets. Also black mulberry (Morus nigra), Campsis radicans leaves and flowers, Gallium aparine the young weeds, cucumber leaves, pansies, prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) above-ground parts with any trace of spines or glochids completely removed, and, as an exotic banana leaves (Musa sp).
    Keep in mind though that just because a plant is safe, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it is palatable for all rabbits as well. For example my rabbit has a problem with soft, liquid foods like fruits, because they mess the fur of her snout. She likes them much, but after a few bites, and in particular when the piece is large, she stops or tries to eat from the sides. Also mulberry leaves are laticiferous, and usually she eats them only in the fall, when the plant has sucked most of the latex but also the nutrients. Some radishes are also hot, so don’t give them, because they won’t eat them. I also refrain from using strong smelling plants in large quantities, for fear of their oils being toxic, though I give them for variety.

    Does anyone know about the safety of conifers? I have given my rabbit Pinus pinnea, Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), cedar unidentified species, and Araucaria heterophylla in small or moderate quantities without problem.

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